Elephant Surgery

Surgical treatment of a cervico-vaginalprolapse in anelephant inMyanmar

Zaw Min Oo1, Myo Nay Zar1, Aung Thura Soe1, HtooHtooAung1, Kyaw Soe1, Kyaw Nyein1, Win Htut1, Myo Shwe1, Aung Myint Tun1, Than Soe1, Than Naing Oo1, Than Zaw Win1, Moe Win Tun1, Ko Moe1, Thi Han Chit1

Myo Than2, Wan Tun2, Ba Kyaw Than2

Moe Myint3, Thiha3, Moe Zaw Aung3, Than Min Swe3

1 Elephant veterinarian, MTE Department of Timber Extraction, MOECAF

  1. 2  Retired elephant veterinarian, MTE Department of Timber Extraction, MOECAF

3Administration, MTE Department of Timber Extraction, MOECAF

Corresponding author’semail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


Presently there are 2940 elephants in the Myanma Timber Enterprise (MTE) in Myanmar. All of these elephants are owned by thegovernment and distributed around the country. Some elephants are utilized in logging and for carrying baggage from one camp to another during the rainyseason. In addition, some captive elephants in the country are privately owned and used in logging by private timber companies.

According to MTE records, the youngest femaleto give birthwas8 years old, and the oldest elephant gave birth at 46 years old. Some femaleshave givenbirth to more than six calves in their lifetime.  On rare occasions females have suffered cervic